Cobbwebs News & Views


Here the Trust provides News & Views that are of interest to the family and to a wider audience.  They can be downloaded as PDF documents. 

Cobbwebs stay in this section for up to 6 months. Thereafter they go to the Cobbwebbs Archive.

Cobbwebs News & Views

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PRINCESS by Jane DismoreJuly 2018

When the Trust originally met Jane Dismore she was a practicing lawyer and it was her first book The Voice from the Garden which introduced us.  This is the story of Lady Evelyn Cobbold’s daughter Pamela’s marriage into the Hambro family published in 2012 and longlisted for the New Angle Prize for Literature, which is still available from the Trust.  Her next book Duchesses: Living in the 21st Century came in 2014 whereupon she now writes full time.

We have just received from Jane a copy of her latest offering Princess The Early Life of Queen Elizabeth II.  From a large number of excellent reviews we select just three:

“Thoroughly enjoyed and would recommend.  Five stars.”  Julie Wilson

“I’ve read several books on Elizabeth.  I found this one to be particularly readable and interesting.  Ms Dismore has an engaging style…the book was like a novel.”  Debra Rojas.

“Absolutely brilliant!  The book covers Elizabeth’s early life to the time of her assuming the throne.  She is such a refreshing person.  I highly recommend this book to anyone who is interested in the history of Great Britain, or just loves a good biography.”  Joyce Fox.

Princess traces how an “ordinary country girl” suddenly found herself in line of succession to the Crown at age 10 when her uncle, King Edward VIII abdicated the Throne to his brother Albert (“Bertie” to family and friends), who became King George VI.  Breaking new ground, she was the first female member of the royal family to join the Armed Services full-time and broke tradition by making her son the first Heir to the Throne to attend school rather than being privately tutored.  After her accession to the Throne, she would draw on her solid background during the rapidly changing times of her long reign.  Out of a little princess they made a Queen.

Released initially in America the UK paperback edition is published by Thistle Publishing – more information from their website and the book is available from Amazon.

www.thistlepublishing.co.uk/princess.html


SILKEN STRANDSJune 2018

The Trust is pleased to have acquired the following items to add to its archive.  Some have been purchased but for those which are gifts we expressly thank the donors.

  • A pair of Cambridge University Championship Racquet Medals awarded 1896 to Philip Wyndham Cobbold (1875-1945) #324 on the family tree.
  • A set of 3 bottle labels for Guinness Extra Stout, bottled by Cobbold & Company Ltd at Cliff Brewery, Ipswich.
  • A Carte de visite of Felix Thornley Cobbold #201 as a young man
  • An invitation issued by Lord Cobbold #490 as President of the British Heart Foundation to a meeting held in July 1973.
  • 2 Banking envelopes dated 1851 for Messrs GLYN & Co, London on account of Bacon, Cobbold & Co, Ipswich, gift of Janette Howell.
  • ‘Cornish Short Stories’ which includes a story by Emma Staughton #802, gift of the author.
  • Photographs of the Cobbold entries in the Library of Congress, Washington DC, gift of Tim Cobbold #643

By way of some light relief here is an old Rugby Song of the Tub…to the tune of “My Bonnie Lies Over the Ocean”

My body lies over the touch line,
My body lies under the scrum,
My body lies over the stretcher
Oh isn’t dismemberment fun.

(Chorus)

Bring back, bring back,
Oh bring back my body to me,
To me!
Bring back, bring back,
Oh bring back my body to me.


My femur lies over my shoulder,
My tibia’s been gone for years
My elbow lies somewhere behind me,
And a Prop Forward bit off my ears.

(Chorus)


MATILDA (TILDA) WOODARD

Back in December 2015 we wrote about Captain Jolyon Woodard #875 on the family tree following his appointment as Captain at Britannia Royal Naval College in Dartmouth.

However, at that time we only told you part of the story so now to complete the tale of a truly amazing duo, here is an abridged version of Steph Woolvin’s interview with Tilda Woodard for By the Dart magazine.

“In years gone by some might have expected a Royal Naval Captain’s wife to be seen and not heard – on the arm of her husband politely chatting to important guests at formal dinners.  Not Tilda Woodard!  She is a tough, headstrong Lieutenant Commander who spends time on training exercises in the mud on Dartmoor and is an accomplished triathlete with numerous trophies to her name.

When she was at school, Tilda wanted to be an astronaut, stuntwoman, secret agent or a pilot; her teacher said she couldn’t possibly be any of those things and should pick a sensible career!  Ten years later she became a Royal Air Force pilot.  Tilda was one of the first female RAF pilots; ‘In the military we tend to use only our rank and surname on paper so people don’t know whether we’re male or female.  When I arrived at one base people were a bit surprised as they hadn’t realised I was going to be a girl!’ 

She was desperate to fly helicopters so after completing her basic flying training at RAF Linton-on-Ouse she did her rotary wing training in Shropshire.  She was sent to Search and Rescue where she experienced some of the most challenging and diverse flying she has ever confronted.  She started as a junior pilot and progressed to Operational Captain rescuing stranded climbers, fishermen and even a cow.  Life on the front line came next when she undertook an exchange on a Royal Navy Commando Squadron flying the Sea King Mk4 in support of the Royal Marines.  During this tour she deployed to Bosnia, the Caribbean, Cyprus, Oman and the Indian Ocean.  In Bosnia she recalls that if troops get stranded in a minefield the best way to extract them is to winch them out by helicopter.

At this time she met and married Jolyon Woodard now Captain of BRNC.  Her next assignment was flying Pumas in Northern Ireland which luckily is where Jolyon was stationed but because of different shift patterns they didn’t see much of each other; ‘Jolyon was a higher rank than me so I had to call him “Sir” in public which everyone found quite amusing!’  After 16 years in the RAF she decided it was time to return to civvy street.  She and Jolyon moved to Bristol hoping to spend more time as a family, only for Jolyon to be deployed to Afghanistan.

After a few years out, including a trip to New Zealand, Tilda decided to join the Royal Naval Reserve.  She returned to the Sea King Mk4 as an instructor at RNAS Yeovilton.  In 2016 when she heard that Jolyon would become Captain at BRNC she discovered they needed an Assistant Trainer Manager so she applied for the job before her husband’s appointment had been announced.  ‘When I visited the College someone asked if I would be staying in married quarters on site! I mumbled a non-committal answer and a few months later moved into the Captain’s House!’  Her role includes training the officer cadets in leadership, much time being spent on Dartmoor.  She gets to know the cadets well which makes the passing out parades much more meaningful.  Off duty Tilda is often in training for a Triathlon and is a member of the Royal Navy Triathlon Team.  Her love of sport (‘a bit of an addiction’) is spreading to her two daughters; Anastasia doing well in the Plymouth Cross Country and she and Jolyon both run for the Royal Navy and Royal Marines Charity.

It is almost like Tilda has a dual personality.  If she’s in uniform the cadets salute her but in mufti, as the Captain’s wife, they call her ‘Ma’am’.  ‘I enjoy both roles – most Captain’s wives only see the cadets in the corridors or at ceremonies – I get to work with them and see what makes them tick”

They are a truly remarkable duo; very hard to replace!


ARTHUR WESTHORP COBBOLDMay 2018

Thanks to Steve Ingham who is an independent author and private researcher we have enlarged our knowledge of Arthur Westhorp Cobbold (1852-1929) #252 on the family tree.  Through Steve we have gained permission from the Curator of the Worcester City Museum and Art Gallery to show his profile on a plaque portrait.  Here is our newly written biography paragraph.

Little is known of Arthur's early life except that he was a pupil at Felsted School in Essex from January 1866 to December 1869.  There's a ten year gap in our knowledge until he sailed for Colombo, Ceylon on the Viceroy on 26th of February 1876.  He was a coffee planter for nearly 3 years returning on 8th December 1878.  We experience another gap until 20th September 1880 when he was appointed as Foreman in the Operative Department at the Royal Mint on a salary of £150 per annum rising by £5 per annum up to £200.  On this basis his earnings should have reached £200 by 1890.  In reality we find that he only achieved a salary of £200 per annum from 1st April 1895 this time increasing by £7-10-00 per annum up to £250.

Earnings were important because in 1891 he had married Kate Elizabeth Mills whose father, a wool merchant had already died.  The 1891 census, taken in April, just a couple of months after their marriage has the newly-weds living with his twin brother, Alfred in St. Helens, Ipswich.  It's not known whether this was a temporary arrangement but Arthur is shown as a Mechanical Engineer on the census form which suggests that he was already studying for a qualification.  On 23rd June 1898 he was promoted to Assistant Superintendent on a salary of £310 per annum rising to £400 by £15 increments.  His associate membership of the Institute of Mechanical Engineers was granted on 14th September that year.  About this time, maybe a year or two previously Arthur commissioned a Portrait Plaque of himself by the highly respected Royal Mint engraver, George William DeSaulles (1862-1903), who worked with Arthur at the Royal Mint on Tower Hill in London.  George was an important employee, on the cusp of a great career when he died aged only 41 in 1903.  The Mint struggled to find a suitable successor.

The plaque, a skilfully executed work in low relief, thought to be the first in a series of five by DeSaulles of his senior Mint colleagues, was exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1897 and at the Royal Birmingham Society of Artists in 1903.

The 1911 census tells us that Arthur, then aged 59 and described as a retired Civil Servant was living at 2D Morgan Mansions, Holloway Road, Islington, North London with his second wife, Edith Bates and her (their?) son Herbert Kenneth Bates aged 7 months.  The presumption is that he and Kate were divorced as she was still living when Arthur died on 22nd April 1929 at which time he was living at Felde Cottage, The Glade, Hollinbury St. Mary, Surrey.  His will was proved by Mildred Swannell, a spinster about whom we know nothing.

At school Arthur was known as 'Clean Cobbold' to differentiate him from his twin who acquired the name 'Dirty Cobbold' from trapping and skinning moles, rats and mice.  Within the family Arthur is remembered as a big cuddly teddy bear of a man with a long white beard who smoked incessantly and became known to his nieces and nephews as Uncle Baccy.

 


SILKEN STRANDSMay 2018

The Trust is pleased to have acquired the following items to add to its archive and expresses its thanks to all donors.  Thank you.

  • Eton & King’s by M R James
  • Wealthy Willamina by Shirley Fowley (#4230 on the family tree)
  • Heath Family History CD by Chris Heath (#9486)
  • Photo of Dr Fell (#9980)
  • Picture & biography of A W Cobbold (#252)
  • 3 Biographical chapters on John Cumming Anderson (#2740) by Virginia van der Lande (#2008)
  • Knebworth House Medallion bearing the Cobbold Coat of Arms
  • Weymouth Sands by John Cowper Powys – a novel featuring Sylvanus Cobbold

By way of some light relief here is a little story sent by Shirley Fowley some while back.

THE TOMATO GARDEN 

An old gentleman lived in South London.  He wanted to plant his annual tomato garden, but it was very difficult work, as the ground was hard.  His only son, Vincent, who used to help him, was in prison.  The old man wrote a letter to his son and described his predicament.

Dear Vincent,

I am feeling pretty sad because it looks like I won’t be able to plant my tomato garden this year.  I’m just getting too old to be digging up a garden plot.  I know if you were here my troubles would be over.  I know you would be happy to dig the ploy for me, like in the old days.  Love, Papa

A few days later he received a letter from his son.

Dear Papa,

Don’t dig up the garden.  That’s where the bodies are buried.  Love, Vinnie

At 4 am the next morning, Scotland Yard and the local police arrived and dug up the entire area without finding any bodies.  They apologised to the old man and left.  That same day the old man received another letter from his son.

Dear Papa,

Go ahead and plant the tomatoes now.  That’s the best I could do under the circumstances.

Love you, Vinnie.


Silken Strands - 2April 2018

The Trust is pleased to have acquired the following items and gladly expresses its grateful thanks to all donors past and present.  Thank you. 

  • DVD  ‘Oh, Whistle and I’ll come to you, My Lad’, written by M R James and narrated by Robert Lloyd Parry with a documentary featuring Felix Thornley Cobbold and The Lodge, Felixstowe.
  • ‘Ipswich, Memories of a Special Town’ by Barry Girling aided by his wife, Elaine.
  • Magazine article from ‘The Country Home’ by Amy Astbury entitled ‘St. Margaret’s Manor House, Ipswich and Margaret Catchpole’ probably written in 1960s and containing many of the inaccuracies to which students of the Margaret Catchpole story have become accustomed plus one new one which claims that the story was written “with the full consent of the heroine” despite the fact that she was dead and buried in Australia before the author put pen to paper in this country!
  • Alumni Cantabrigienses Part II 1752-1900.  5 volumes to add to the one already owned to complete the set.  This is a useful research tool and will live alongside the Trust’s 4 volumes of Alumni Oxonienses 1715-1886.
  • Ipswich Pubs 2016  by Susan Gardiner
  • Great Muslims of the West 2017 by Muhammed Khan
  • South Atlantic Safari 2015 by Capt.Don McVicar
  • Pioneering Physician 2016  by Max Blythe.  The story of Professor Charles Montague Fletcher, CBE, MD, FRCP, FFCM, 1911-1995 #12079 on the web family tree.
  • The Fisherman’s Family 2017 by Robin Colson.  The Fisherman in the title is none other than Robinson Crusoe a key character in Richard Cobbold’s ‘History of Margaret Catchpole’ and his image is the frontispiece to the book
  • Photograph of  Albert Edward Cobbold  who served in the RAF in WWI, #12343 on the web tree.

 


St. BARTHOLOMEW’S IPSWICHApril 2018

The first unusual things about St. Bart’s (as it is affectionately known) is its size and its setting.  A substantial red brick building, it stands dominant in the midst of Victorian terraced housing, just 100 metres from Derby Road railway station, on Newton Road, in a district known as Rose Hill.  This name is a corruption of Roe’s Hill; Mr Owen Roe (1770-1825) (#2878 on the web family tree) being a wealthy land owner whose daughter Ann (1795-1851) (#103) married Charles Cobbold (1793-1859) (#102) at St. Clement’s in 1815.  Prior to that, legend has it, Ann danced four times with the Prince Regent during a Ball held at Prigg’s Assembly Rooms in Ipswich; the Prince rating his 17-year old partner ‘a very good dancer’.  Owen Roe disliked his son-in-law and tried, unsuccessfully, to prevent Charles from inheriting.  The estate (still some 238 acres in 1864) finally passed to Charles’ son Alan Brooksby Cobbold (1830-1901) (#166) whose 3 older siblings all died, rather extraordinarily, in 1837.  But, I have digressed, sorry!

The second unusual thing is the huge light internal space.  It seems almost too large for the area it serves.  St. Bart’s was built with funds provided by Mrs. Spooner nèe Ann (Anna) Frances Cobbold (1830-1906) (#184) as a memorial to her father, John Chevallier Cobbold (1797-1882) (#114), his wife and their five sons.  The foundation stone of this thorough-going Anglo-Catholic church was laid on 25th April 1895 by Lord Henniker with full Masonic rights and the church was consecrated the following year by the Bishop of Norwich, though it was not completed until 1907.The first incumbent was Anna’s cousin,Rev. George Augustus Cobbold (1857-1915) (#2867) and the architect was Mr. Charles Spooner, a nephew of Anna’s husband, The Very Reverend Dean Edward Spooner (1821-1899) (#185) who was Rector of Hadleigh and Co-Dean of Bocking.  It all sounds a bit nepotistic but I suppose the old adage applies: ‘he (or in this case, she) who pays the piper….’

Our illustrations show (1) the exterior, (2) the interior looking east, (3) plaque to Anna Frances, (4) plaque to Edward Spooner, (5) the vicars and (6) plaque to Rev George Augustus.  The inscription around the base of the font explains that it was given to the Glory of God and in memory of parents and husband by Constance Green nèe Cobbold (1845-1932) (#203) and Caroline Alice Cobbold (1850-1922) (#198).  Constance was Anna’s sister and Alice her sister-in-law.

 Alice’s maiden name was Kinder and she was the daughter of Thomas Kinder (1813-1881) (#1732), Mayor of St. Albans, and Frances Caroline Chevallier (1814-1882) (#2022), and she married Nathanael Fromanteel Cobbold (1839-1886) (#195) so she represents the coming together of the three great families of Kinder, Chevallier and Cobbold.


BIG FISHApril 2018

We always knew that Alfred Townshend Cobbold (1852-1934) (#253 on the web family tree) was a keen fisherman and we knew that he passed on his skills to his godson Rowland Hope Cobbold (1905-1986) (#407) whose fly rod sold for an astonishing £1200 a few years back.

We didn’t know that he had been President of the Gipping Angling Preservation Society or that he had caught an unusually handsome trout which was stuffed and presented to the Society.  Recently the Trust was able to buy this fish cased by J Cooper and Sons in London and it now forms part of our archive.  The caption reads:

Presented to the G.A.P.S. by the president of the Society A. Townshend Cobbold Esq. O.B.E. Trout weight 12 Lbs length 2’ 7” caught by A. Townshend Cobbold Esq 7th June 1909 in Loch Corrib.

The fish in question is an Irish Trout.  It appears somewhat less than 2’ 7”now but fishermen are well known for their generous measurements!  Renowned world-wide, Loch Corrib is the jewel in the crown of Irish trout angling.

Alfred who was educated at Felsted, and who became a lawyer with numerous civic responsibilities, had a twin brother Arthur Westhorp Cobbold AMIMechE (1852-1929) (#252), also educated at Felsted, who worked at the Royal Mint from 1880 until 1900.  Arthur was recalled as a large cuddly teddy bear of a man dedicated to his pipe and known to his nephews and nieces as ‘Uncle Baccy’.


Silken StrandsApril 2018

The Trust is pleased to have acquired the following items:

Papers presented by Dr T. Spencer Cobbold MD FRS FLS (1828-1886) (#174)

 

  • Inaugural Address of the President to the Quekett Microscopial Club.  26/9/1879
  • Is the Giraffe Provided with more than Two Horns?
  • Notes on the Embryology of Achimenes Picta 28/11/1879
  • The Sunfish as a Host
  • Parasite Larvæ
  • On Flukes
  • The Common Liver Entozoon of Cattle
  • The Eye of the Cod-Fish

 

Print

Harwich from the Sea – gift of Peter Kent

Book

Kieron Dyer – My Story.


“HARWICH from the SEA"March 2018

Harwich was an important place to the early Cobbolds.  Thomas Cobbold (1708-1767) (#44 on the web family tree) brewed there and his sons, Rev.Thomas (1742-1831) (#51) and ‘Big’ John (1746-1835) (#56) were born there.  Harwich is in Essex and lies on the south side of the estuary formed by the confluence of the Stour and the Orwell.  It is the only safe natural harbour between the Thames and the Humber.  It is also where the Cobbolds first went into banking in partnership with Anthony Cox to form Cox Cobbold & Company trading as Harwich Bank.  From 1857 to 1880 Col. Henry Jervis-White-Jervis RA (1825-1881) (#183) was their MP.

The Trust is very grateful to Peter Kent for the recent gift of a print titled Harwich from the Sea.  This is important because the picture shows, to the right of the church, the Cobbold brewery.  This illustration appears in the Souvenir of the Bi-centenary of the Cliff Brewery in Ipswich, 1723-1923 and also on page 114 of ‘Lewis Agassiz of Stour Lodge’ published by John Barker in 2013.  John attributes the drawing to W Bartlett and the engraving to J Rogers and dates it 1831.


100 YEARS AGO…..March 2018

A hundred years ago last month, after a bitter struggle the ‘Representation of the People Act’ gave some British women the vote for the first time.  Ten years later all women got it.

Lady Constance Lytton (1869-1923) (#3712 on the web family tree) was the most unlikely of suffragettes.  One of the elite, she was the daughter of a Viceroy of India and a lady in waiting to the Queen.  She grew up in the family home of Knebworth and in embassies around the world.  For forty years, she did nothing but devote herself to her family, denying herself the love of her life and possible careers as a musician or a reviewer.  Then came a chance encounter with a suffragette.  Constance was intrigued; witnessing Emmeline and Christabel Pankhurst on trial convinced her of the urgent necessity of votes for women and she went to prison for the cause as gleefully as any child going on a school trip.

But once jailed, Constance soon found that her name and her connections singled her out for unwelcome special treatment.  By now, 1909, the suffragettes were hunger striking and the government had retaliated with force-feeding.  The stories that began to leak out – of bungled operations, of dirty tubes, of screams half-heard through brick walls, of straightjackets and handcuffs – outraged the suffragettes.

Constance decided on her most radical step yet: to go to prison in disguise.  Taking the name Jane Warton, she cut her hair, put on glasses and ugly clothes and got herself arrested in Liverpool.  Once in prison, she was force-fed eight times before her identity was discovered and she was released.  Her case became a cause célèbre, with debate raging in The Times and questions being asked in the House of Commons.  Lady Constance Lytton became an inspiration and, in the end, a martyr.  In this extraordinary new biography, Lyndsey Jenkins reveals for the first time the fascinating story of the woman who abandoned a life of privilege to fight for women’s rights.

Lady Constance Lytton by Lyndsey Jenkins, with a foreword by Helen Pankhurst, published by Biteback Publishing of London SE1 7SP.  First published 2015.


Professor STEPHEN WILLIAM HAWKING CH C...March 2018

Professor Stephen Hawking, world renowned theoretical physicist and cosmologist died in Cambridge on March 14th.  Born on 8th January 1942 he had been a fellow of Gonville and Caius College for 52 years.  His funeral will take place at the University Church of Great St. Mary on 31st March, and his ashes will be interred near those of Sir Isaac Newton in Westminster Abbey at a thanksgiving service later this year.

Regular visitors to this site will know of the Cobbold family’s long association with Caius being alma mater to some 22 family members.  Humphrey (#645 on the web tree) and Nicola (#910) Cobbold who are both members of the Stephen Hawking circle posted this picture together with their valedictory message:

Farewell to an extraordinary human being – an inspiration in pretty much every way one can imagine.

Rest in peace


TWO WATERCOLOURS & TWO SILHOUETTESMarch 2018

Through a generous donation from Australian residents, Charles and Kate Cobbold (#640/1 on the web family tree), the Trust has acquired and restored these excellent images.  The watercolours were badly damaged by silverfish and both silhouettes were broken.  Restoration was skilfully carried out by Amanda Yale who has worked for the Trust many times previously.

The silhouettes are of Richard Moseley Westhorp (#1973) and his wife Anne Clayton (#1974) and the watercolours are of their granddaughter Sarah Frances Westhorp (1817-1891) (#151) and her husband Dr Rowland Townshend Cobbold (1821-1895) (#150).  The child on Sara’s knee is their first daughter Fanny Mary Cobbold (1847-1941) (#248).

Rowland and Sarah had four homes following their marriage on 17th September 1846.  They were in St. Albans from 1846 until 1853 and this is where Fanny, (#248) Bessie, (#249) Edgar(#250) and the twins Arthur (#252) and Alfred (#253) were born.  Bessie died of Scarlet Fever aged 9.  They moved to Bredfield for a year (1853-1854) where Thomas (#256) was born but he died aged only 2 from enteritis.  Their third home was in Trimley where they remained for six years up to 1860 and where Edith (#257) and Rowland (#258) joined the family.  Their last home which they built on the site of a previous house was Dedham Lodge (now Milsom’s Dedham Hotel) is where their last two children, Paul (#260) and Bessie (#1193) were born.  Of their ten children eight lived to maturity.

Their meeting.

Sarah recounts that two schoolboys sat, as boys are sometimes wont to do, side by side on a gate by the roadside in a village on the Stour.  There passed by on the same road two maidens returning home from some errand or their customary walk.  With becoming modesty, they passed looking neither to the right nor the left.  The boys, as was natural, looked straight before them and admired.  Said one to the other, indicating the elder girl, “That’s the girl I would like to make my wife.”  He was 18 years of age and she was 22.  History is silent for 3 years when they became betrothed and 4 years later his wish was fulfilled (1846).


CHEVALLIER BARLEY makes a come-backFebruary 2018

Greene King, Brewers of Bury St Edmunds, who were the final owners of the Tolly Cobbold brands  has introduced two Heritage Ales as part of their ‘New Heritage Range created from rediscovered Suffolk Malt.’  So the publicity material states; it goes on to say ‘Replicating real ale from the 1800s, two limited edition premium beers, Heritage Suffolk Pale Ale (5%) and Heritage Vintage Fine Ale (6.5%), have been lovingly created using East Anglian Chevallier malted barley.  Reintroduced two years ago by local maltster, Crisp Malt, five preserved Chevallier seeds were re-sown and crops harvested to create the volume required to replicate a traditional Greene King real ale from the 1800s.’  You might be forgiven for thinking that Crisp Malt had sown the 5 seeds quite recently.

Here’s what actually happened.  Dr John Chevallier (1774-1846) (#729 on the web family tree) and his brother Charles Chevallier (1772-1844) (#2050) were working the land at Aspall, Suffolk undertaking experiments to improve yields.  Chevallier barley would come to dominate world barley markets for nearly 60 years and this is the story according to the History of Debenham (1845).

About the year 1820, John Andrews, a labourer of Mr Edward Dove of Ulverstone Hall, Debenham had been threshing barley, and on his return home at night complained of his feet being uneasy, and on taking off his shoes, he discovered in one of them part of a very fine ear of barley – it struck him as being particularly so – and he was careful to have it preserved.  He afterwards planted a few grains from it in his garden, and the following year Dr and Mrs John Chevallier, coming to Andrew’s dwelling to inspect some repairs, saw three or four ears of barley growing.  Dr. John requested it might be left for him when ripe.  The Doctor sowed a small ridge with the produce so obtained, and from the increase thence arising, he began to dispose of it, and from that time it has been gradually getting into repute.  It is now well-known in most of the corn markets of the Kingdom, and also on many parts of the Continent, America etc., and is called Chevallier Barley.

It grew in popularity until at its peak perhaps 80 to 90 per cent of British barley was Chevallier and the variety was grown and demanded widely round the world.   Little wonder that Dr John became known as Dr John (Barley) Chevallier.


PIONEERING PHYSICIANFebruary 2018

Pioneering Physician is the title of an excellent book recording the Life of Professor Charles Montague Fletcher CBE, MD, FRCP, FFCM, (1911-1995) (#12079 on the web family tree).

The author is Max Blythe who interviewed Charles Fletcher so frequently that the book is virtually an autobiography.  Charles went up to Trinity College, Cambridge as a scholar from Eton and rowed in the winning Cambridge crew in the 1933 Boat Race.

“Charles Fletcher had exceptional influence on healthcare and health education in Britain.  He wrote the original report of the Royal College of Physicians on smoking and health, the first report by any national body in the world.  As the nation’s popular first TV doctor he led the medical enlightenment of millions.

Early in his career, he took on the challenge of developing research into Pneumoconiosis, the dust disease disabling tens of thousands of British coal miners.  From this came major advances in its prevention.  Later his research attention turned to chronic bronchitis, a disease then afflicting hundreds of thousands in Britain and accounting for 30,000 of their deaths annually.  Major prevention guidelines resulted

In addition to anti-smoking campaigning, the later years of his career were distinguished by initiatives that improved the care and welfare of Asthma and diabetes patients, and ensured that doctors were trained to communicate better.  Pioneering Physician is the complete story of a remarkable contributor to a nation’s health and its international influence.”

Published 2016,  Words by Design.


JOHN PATTESON COBBOLD 6th generation b...February 2018

The ‘new’ Town Hall in Ipswich was opened 150 years ago last month.  The building was open to visitors all day on January 28th this year and a celebration dinner, in conjunction with Robbie Burns Night was held in the evening, at which Philip Hope-Cobbold (#577 on the web family tree) was the guest speaker.  He was invited because his great, great grandfather, John Patteson Cobbold (1831-1875), (#186) was Mayor of Ipswich at the time of the opening.

One can’t help feeling very sad for JPC who died of Scarlet Fever at the age of only 44.  He left a widow with 8 children aged between 14 years and 11 months.  Despite his early departure he seems to have packed a good deal into his short life.  He trained as a Solicitor and quickly became involved in the family brewing and banking businesses.  Civic duty called and he became an Alderman and later Mayor of Ipswich in 1867/68.  He was elected a Conservative MP with James Redfoord Bulwer (1820-1899) and served until his death, being replaced by his younger brother, Thomas Clement (1833-1883) (#191) who also served until his death.

John Patteson’s father, John Chevallier (1797-1882) (#114) was 78 when his son died and worried about succession for the businesses.  His solution was to call Felix Thornley Cobbold (1841-1909) (#201) back from his academic career at King’s, Cambridge to help run them.  This was probably an unpopular decision as far as Felix was concerned – he enjoyed the college’s excellent cellar and the convivial atmosphere at high table – but was good for Ipswich as he became a generous benefactor.

Major John Patteson Cobbold, inter alia, was Commanding Officer of the First Suffolk Rifle Volunteers from 28th November 1860 to 10th December 1875 and it seems his death was greatly lamented as his portrait and a presentation prayer and hymn book were distributed in his memory.  His wife, Adela Harriette Dupuis (1837-1917) (#187), daughter of the Vice-Provost of Eton College – where they were married in 1858 – was a leading force in the fight against the dreadful Smallpox epidemic in Ipswich in 1872.

His death just before Christmas 1875 led to the publication of a typically Victorian piece of verse

We mourn him now, the husband, son and sire,

A voice was wanted for the Heavenly Choir,

To sing good tidings of a Saviour’s birth,

In purer strains than could be sung on earth.

Our pictures show (1) The Town Hall on the Welcome to Ipswich sign, (2) JPC himself, (3) JPC was the first to where the new Mayoral Robe in 1868, (4) Andrew Beal, dedicated Town Sgt. beside the old and new Mayoral Robes, (5) Mayoral chain with new Town Hall Badge and (6) silver Loving Cup given by Felix Thornley Cobbold when he was Mayor in 1897, the year of Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee.


RKC (by Constable) IS COMING HOME!February 2018

A fine drawing, almost certainly of Robert Knipe Cobbold (1792-1859) #100 on the web family tree, by John Constable (1776-1837) executed in 1806 when he was visiting Elizabeth Cobbold (1765-1824) #58 at the Cliff Brewery in Ipswich, has been purchased by a family member at auction in New York and is on its way back home.  For many years the drawing was at Holywells. 

The Trust knows of 9 drawings/sketches of family members by Constable but the one of Robert Knipe Cobbold is by far the most important.  He is the first born and eldest son of Elizabeth, 2nd wife of John Cobbold (1746-1835) #56.  The others are of Harriet (1785-1877) #91 and her sister Sophia (1787-1833) #96 both Elizabeth’s step daughters.  Four of the drawings are in the Musée du Louvre and two in the British Museum and two in a private collection.

Our knowledge of Robert’s life is somewhat fragmentary.  He was born in Woodbridge the year after his parents’ marriage and he learned his trade at his father’s brewery in Colchester before becoming a brewer himself in Eye where all his nine children were born.  Their mother was Emily Mary Smith (1791-1860) #101, 5th daughter of John Paul Smith (1747-1804) #779, a London Tea Merchant, this being the time, of course, when tea was very expensive.  By 1841 the family was living at Carlton Rookery, Saxmundham and by about 1851 they were at Bredfield White House where he is remembered as an active, alert, upright figure, often in a frilled shirt and a black stock.

At about this time he acquired an estate at Sutton on the banks of the River Deben close to Sutton Hoo. This is probably to do with his known involvement with the mining of Coprolite but he is also known to have speculated in Clover seed, Chicory and Flax. The Trust has his snuff box, pictured, with its rather engaging inscription presented to him the month of his 64th birthday. The local paper records that he also took delivery of a barge load of surplus stores from Crimea so perhaps it was the unloading of the barge which prompted the gift.

We also have detail of the crest used on his bookplate; the left half being Cobbold (Holly leaves) quartered with Knipe and the righthand half being his wife’s Smith crest. The bookplate has another interesting feature; the motto ‘REPUNGO’. Strictly this means ‘I prick back’ or less literally ‘my prickles are my defence’ – clearly a reference to the Holly leaves.  Later versions of the arms have the letters ‘n’ and ‘g’ reversed to read ‘REPUGNO’ which is translated as ‘I fight back’. We are left not knowing whether the change was deliberate or accidental.

Robert died at Bredfield in 1859 having caught a chill. He and his wife are commemorated by stained glass windows at Sutton (a handsome east window by Warrington) and at Bredfield Church where they are both buried.


3 OVERMANTELS which once belonged to t...January 2018

Because of some strong similarities I became confused as to which was which!

Having sorted it out I thought to share it with you.  They are all now in the care of Christchurch Mansion which was given to the Borough of Ipswich by Felix Thornley Cobbold in 1895.  I give a brief description of each headed by the name of the room in the mansion in which each is housed.

In the Servants’ Hall will be found a Jacobean Overmantel from the early to mid. 17thcentury which may originally have been designed for 32 Carr St. in Ipswich.  In those days timber framed houses were as well decorated as Medieval churches and this is an exceptional example of highly skilled carving.  The figures represent allegories of Faith with the cross, Hope with the anchor, Charity caring for children and the vice of Vanity with mirror and serpent.  The house became the Half Moon Inn and when this was demolished the overmantel was taken to Holy Wells (as it was then spelled) where it was installed in the Library.  In the fireplace is a cast iron fireback bearing a Charles II Coat of Arms dated 1660.

In the Wingfield Room is some remarkable carved panelling which originated in the house of Sir Humphrey Wingfield (c1485-1552) in Tacket Street, Ipswich which later became the Tankard Inn.  It was installed in celebration of the marriage of Sir Humphrey to Anne Wiseman in 1509 and depicts ‘The Judgement of Paris’ from Greek mythology.  This too was taken with its associated panelling to Holy Wells when the house ceased to be an inn.

In the Lower Tudor Room, is installed the most interesting of the three.  It is the Eldred Overmantel from the house of Thomas Eldred (1561-1624) in Fore Street, Ipswich which became the Neptune Inn.  The overmantel celebrates Thomas Eldred’s exploits as the navigator on Lord Cavendish’s 1586-1588 voyage around the world.  The purpose of the voyage was to raid and plunder Spanish Colonies along the west coast of Central and South America.  As England was at war with Spain the men were classed as privateers, not pirates.  Thomas Cavendish took three ships on his voyage: the Desire, the Content and the Hugh Gallant, with 123 sailors and fighters.  The ships left England on 21st July 1586 and took enough provisions and ammunition for a 2-year voyage.  The ships arrived in South America in March 1587 and then spent the next eight months attacking Spanish ships, towns and settlements.  When they attacked a town in North Peru the men discovered a hidden store of 25lbs of silver.  During the eight months of privateering many crewmen and fighters died which meant there were not enough men to crew all three ships.  The smallest ship (the Hugh Gallant) was sunk and the men moved to other ships.

Thomas Cavendish had received information that a great Spanish ship, the Santa Anna was expected from the Philippines with a cargo of gold, silks, satins, damasks and other valuables.  The Desire and the Content lay in wait and when the Santa Anna arrived there was a five to six hour battle.  With his ship in danger of sinking the Spanish captain surrendered on the promise that the lives of his crew would be spared.  Thomas Cavendish transferred as much of the cargo of the Santa Anna to his own ships as was possible.  He left the Spanish crew on shore with food, sails to make tents and planks to make boats.  Just before departure he gave them arms so that they could defend themselves.

In November 1587 the Desire began the journey home to England with the Content to follow.  The Desire sailed across the Pacific to the Ladrones in 43 days where the men traded bits of iron for fresh food.  Having travelled over 5,500 miles the Desire got back to Plymouth on 9th September 1588 and Thomas Cavendish sent a report to the Lord Chamberlain saying they had “destroyed 19 enemy ships and captured a great galleon”.  The voyage had been a great financial success bringing back treasure worth about a million pounds.  The Content was never heard of again.

The Desire sailed up the Thames to Greenwich where Thomas Cavendish entertained Queen Elizabeth I “in a cabin hung with gold and silver”.  As his navigator Thomas Eldred must take much of the praise for the success of the voyage.  His overmantel comprises three panels; the first a terrestrial globe bearing the dates of his circumnavigation, the second his ship, presumably the Desire and the third his own portrait as an old man holding in his right hand an equinoxial dial having the date 1602.

After a spell in the dining room at Holy Wells this fine overmantel, together with the other two were given to Christchurch by John Dupuis Cobbold (1861-1929), after whose death Holy Wells was sold and later demolished.


CHRISTMAS 2017December 2017

Once again, we wish all our family, friends and visitors a very happy Christmas and a safe and peaceful New Year.  We take this opportunity to thank all our helpers and supporters for their encouragement during 2017 and particularly those who we have accidentally failed to thank personally.  Thank you.

Our picture shows Tree Court in Gonville & Caius College, Cambridge (attended by many family members) photographed by Cheng Chen, winner of the 2016 MCR Photography Competition.


Silken StrandsNovember 2017

The Trust is pleased to have acquired the following items:

The Trust has made donations to Wikimedia and to the Ipswich Historic Churches Trust, the latter towards the cost of restoration of the carillon at St. Clement’s which was given to the Church in 1882 by Felix Thornley Cobbold (1841-1909) (#201) in memory of his father John Chevallier Cobbold (1797-1882) (#114)



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